Uro-oncology is a medical field that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment and management of cancer in various parts of the urogenital system. This includes kidney, prostate, bladder, testicular, penile and adrenal cancers. Uro-oncologists use a variety of treatments for these tumors, including surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and targeted therapy. They work closely with other specialists, such as radiologists and pathologists, to provide comprehensive care for urological cancer patients.

The kidneys are a key paired organ located below the liver and stomach, near the spine on either side. These vital organs help filter blood as it flows through them, remove waste products such as urea and salt, and produce urine. In addition, the kidneys serve as glands that synthesize and secrete various hormones. If you are looking for the best uro-oncology hospitals in India, there are several excellent options for you to choose from. Abnormal growth occurs when cell division is not controlled, resulting in masses of tissue called tumors. These tumors can be benign or malignant, with benign tumors remaining localized and not life-threatening. However, malignant tumors are cancerous and can invade and destroy neighboring tissues and organs or spread to other parts of the body through the bloodstream or lymphatic system. Kidney cancer is caused by the growth of one or more malignant tumors in the kidneys.

The prostate gland is a vital component of the male reproductive system, located beneath the urinary bladder and in front of the rectum. Its primary function is to produce fluid for semen, which helps to transport sperm during ejaculation.

Prostate cancer is a type of malignant tumor that usually originates in the outer part of the prostate and can spread to other parts of the body, including the inner part of the gland. It is the seventh most common cancer in men in Singapore, with the majority of cases occurring in men over the age of 50, and the risk of developing it increasing with age. Early detection of prostate cancer is key factor to successful treatment, and it is often curable when detected early. However, if not diagnosed in time or if the treatment is not effective, it can lead to fatalities.

The bladder is a key component of the urinary tract responsible for storing and transporting urine. Urine is produced by the kidneys as they extract water and waste from the bloodstream. After passing through narrow tubes called ureters, urine is stored in a balloon-like structure known as the bladder.


The inner lining of the bladder is made up of cells that protect the underlying tissues from urine. However, these cells can begin to multiply uncontrollably and form a tumor or growth. If bladder tumors that are cancerous are detected and treated early, they are unlikely to be life-threatening, and in most cases the bladder does not need to be removed. It is important to seek medical attention immediately and have regular checkups to treat and monitor bladder tumors.


Bladder cancer is rare in individuals under the age of 40. Men are five times more likely to develop bladder cancer than women, and smokers are at higher risk. In addition, exposure to certain chemicals in the workplace is associated with an increased risk of bladder cancer.